This version of SWEHB is associated with NPR 7150.2B. Click for the latest version of the SWEHB based on NPR7150.2C
3.13.3 The project manager shall require the software supplier(s) to provide a software schedule for the project's review and schedule updates as requested.
NPR 7150.2, NASA Software Engineering Requirements, does not include any notes for this requirement.
1.2 Applicability Across Classes
Classes F and G are labeled as "X (not OTS)" which means that the project is required to meet this requirement for all software that is not considered off-the-shelf.
Class A B C CSC D DSC E F G H Applicable?
Key: - Applicable | - Not Applicable
A & B = Always Safety Critical; C & D = Not Safety Critical; CSC & DSC = Safety Critical; E - H = Never Safety Critical.
Software supplier scheduling activities must be monitored to assure the software work products that are required by a project are produced when they are needed by the project. NASA's insight into a supplier's development schedule provides a view into the software developer's activities and plans. The supplier's schedule allows the software team to determine the expected state of development of the software product. It then serves as a benchmark for measuring supplier accomplishment during regular reviews or formal design reviews. The purpose of this requirement and schedule management is to provide the framework for time-phasing, resource planning, coordination, and communicating the necessary tasks within a work effort. Sound schedule management requires the establishment, utilization, and control of a baseline master schedule and its derivative schedules (e.g., software schedules). An Integrated Master Schedule (IMS) provides the framework for time phasing and coordinating all project efforts into a master plan to ensure that objectives are accomplished within project or program commitments. Schedule management encompasses the development, maintenance, control, and archival of the project schedules. The software schedule constitutes the basis for time phasing and coordinating all program/project software efforts to ensure that objectives are accomplished within approved commitments. Integrated schedules are crucial for all levels of management oversight within NASA and its contractor community. Software schedules contain the necessary tasks and milestones that reflect the total integrated plans for each software component within the program. While it is true that all software work scope must be included within a program IMS, the levels of detail may vary to accommodate the specific management needs established at the program level. Software schedule management entails the creation of a software schedule that contains integrated tasks and milestones for both contractor effort and effort being worked by in-house NASA government personnel. Regardless of the type project being implemented it is critical that the software schedule contain data addressing the total scope of work at a consistent level of detail to allow for discrete progress measurement, management visibility, and critical path identification and control. This approach will allow Program and Project Managers greater visibility and capability to adequately plan the necessary resources, and to ensure adequate budget will be available to accomplish the planned work.
Scheduling begins with project-level schedule objectives for delivering the products described in the upper levels of the Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) and evolves down to the software development level. The supplier includes software version descriptions and functionality of any deliverable software work products contained in the schedule of deliveries in the Software Version Description document SVD and the Software Metrics Report Metrics. The project team, through the contract Statement of Work (SOW) (see Topic 7.3 - Acquisition Guidance), must require delivery of a software work product development schedule from the software supplier. Schedule content provided by the supplier to NASA includes networked activities evolved down to a level sufficient for the project team to obtain the necessary insight (see SWE-039) into the state of the supplier's activities.
Networked schedule data consist of: 273
- Activities and associated tasks.
- Dependencies among activities (e.g., where an activity depends upon another activity for a receivable).
- Products or milestones that occur as a result of one or more activities.
- Duration of each activity.
The technical requirements need to be sufficiently detailed to assure that firm schedule estimates can be established. The schedule needs to show the major development activities throughout the life cycle, the milestones, and a critical path. See SWE-016 Software Schedule for in-depth information on the general preparation of software development schedules.
To be effective, the software supplier schedule needs to have linkage to the project schedules, if the two are different. The suppler schedule can be analyzed for risk issues related to the schedule (long lead hardware needs, critical path, or lack of schedule slack). Good scheduling systems provide capabilities to show resource requirements over time and to make adjustments so that the schedule is feasible with respect to resource constraints over time. The schedule can be resource loaded, thus enabling close tracking of technical parameters, milestones, and budgets to ensure that the team recognizes undesirable trends (such as an unexpected growth in lines of code or increase in its cost) early enough to take corrective action.
Once the supplier establishes firm software schedule estimates, the schedule can be baselined and controlled in the project's configuration management system. The project team needs to review these baselined schedules to ensure they are consistent with the overall project schedule.
Managing schedule variance is one of the key responsibilities of the software development team in dealing with software suppliers. The difference between the budgeted cost of work performed and the budgeted cost of work scheduled is called the schedule variance at time t. A negative value indicates that the work is behind schedule. 273 Schedule management tools can be employed by the project team to assist in its evaluation of the software supplier schedules. Whenever the software development planning experiences major changes from a baseline, an update to the schedule can be requested from the software supplier by the project to allow additional and appropriate insight into the activities to be developed and scheduled.
4. Small Projects
This requirement applies to all projects regardless of size. Smaller projects may get by with fewer levels of detail in the schedule for the life cycle.
Tools relative to this SWE may be found in the table below. You may wish to reference the Tools Table in this handbook for an evolving list of these and other tools in use at NASA. Note that this table should not be considered all-inclusive, nor is it an endorsement of any particular tool. Check with your Center to see what tools are available to facilitate compliance with this requirement.
Primavera Project Manager is a critical path method (CPM) scheduling tool that is as part of a Project Portfolio Management software package.
The Omni Group
OmniPlan provides features like Gantt charts, schedules, summaries, milestones, and critical path highlighting
6. Lessons Learned
No lessons learned have currently been identified for this requirement.