3.4.4 The project shall evaluate test results and document the evaluation.
1.1 Implementation Notes from Appendix D
NPR 7150.2, NASA Software Engineering Requirements, does not include any notes for this requirement.
1.2 Applicability Across Classes
Class G is labeled with "P (Center)." This means that an approved Center-defined process which meets a non-empty subset of the full requirement can be used to achieve this requirement.
Test results are the basis for confirming that the team has fulfilled the software requirements in the resulting software product. In order to make such decisions, test results must be reviewed and evaluated using a documented, repeatable process. The team can derive quality conclusions by capturing the actual test results, comparing them to expected results, analyzing those results against pre-established criteria, and documenting that analysis/evaluation process.
It is important to document and retain elements used to generate and analyze the results for future regression testing and related test results analysis.
- Validate that software correctly implements the design.
- Validate that the test results trace to test criteria established by the test traceability in the test planning documents.
- Validate that the software satisfies the test acceptance criteria.
- Verify that the software components are integrated correctly.
- Validate that the software satisfies the system requirements.
Other elements for the evaluation methodology include:
- Verify that the test results cover the requirements.
- Determine if actual results match expected results.
- Verify adequacy and completeness of test coverage.
- Determine appropriateness of test standards and methods used.
For all levels of software testing (unit, component, integration, etc.) capture and document items used to generate and collect the results. These items are an important part of analyzing the test results since some anomalies could have been caused by the tests themselves. The following are captured, not only for results analysis, but for future regression testing:
- Test drivers and stubs.
- Test suites.
- Test data.
In addition to the information used to generate test results, the following may be important inputs to the results analysis:
- Discrepancies found during testing (e.g., discrepancies between expected and actual results).
- Disposition of discrepancies.
- Retest history.
- The range or accuracy over which an output can vary and still be acceptable.
- Minimum number of combinations or alternatives of input and output conditions that constitute an acceptable test result.
- Maximum/minimum allowable test duration, in terms of time or number of events.
- Maximum number of interrupts, halts, or other system breaks that may occur.
- Allowable severity of processing errors.
- Conditions under which the result is inconclusive and retesting is to be performed.
- Conditions under which the outputs are to be interpreted as indicating irregularities in input test data, in the test database/data files, or in test procedures.
- Allowable indications of the control, status, and results of the test and the readiness for the next test case (may be output of auxiliary test software).
- Additional criteria not mentioned above.
When documenting the outcome of the analysis, important items to include are:
- Major anomalies.
- Problem reports generated as a result of the test.
- Operational difficulties (e.g, constraints or restrictions imposed by the test, aspects of the requirement under test that could not be fully verified due to test design or testbed limitations).
- Abnormal terminations.
- Reasons/justifications for discrepancies (e.g., caused by test cases or procedures, not a product issue).
- Any known requirement deficiencies present in the software element tested.
- Corrective actions taken during testing.
- Success/failure status of the test.
Additional guidance related to software test results may be found in the following related requirements in this Handbook:
Document Defects and Track
Software Test Report
4. Small Projects
No additional guidance is available for small projects. The community of practice is encouraged to submit guidance candidates for this paragraph.
6. Lessons Learned
A documented lesson from the NASA Lessons Learned database notes the following: