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1. The Requirement
1. The Requirement
4. Small Projects
6. Lessons Learned
3.4.6 The project shall verify, validate, and accredit software models, simulations, and analysis tools required to perform qualification of flight software or flight equipment.
Center processes address issues such as numerical accuracy, uncertainty analysis, and sensitivity analysis, as well as verification and validation for software implementations of models and simulations. Information regarding specific verification and validation techniques and the analysis of models and simulations can be found in the NASA standard NASA-STD-7009.
1.2 Applicability Across Classes
This requirement applies when software models, simulations, and analysis tools are used to perform qualification of flight software or flight equipment for Classes C through E and Safety Critical, Class C Not Safety Critical, and Class D Not Safety Critical.
Class G is labeled with "P (Center)." This means that an approved Center-defined process which meets a non-empty subset of the full requirement can be used to achieve this requirement.
Performing verification and validation (V&V) to accredit software models, simulations, and analysis tools is important to ensure the credibility of the results produced by those tools. Critical decisions may be made, at least in part, based upon the results produced by models, simulations, and analysis tools. Reducing the risk associated with these decisions is one reason to use accredited tools that have been properly verified and validated.
The processes of V&V are key activities for accrediting all types of models and simulations. With the goal of providing a basis to determine if the models, simulations, and analysis tools are acceptable for use for a specific purpose, there are three pieces of information to capture and address from the modeling and simulation (M&S) characterizations as part of this process:
The question(s) to be answered and the particular aspects of the problem that the M&S will be used to help address.
The decisions that will be made based on the M&S results.
The consequences resulting from erroneous M&S outputs.
Information for the V&V of models, simulations and tools used to develop software code can be found in NASA-STD-7009, Standard for Models and Simulations,
and in NPR 7150.2. Center requirements and associated processes flowed down from these two documents address numerical accuracy, uncertainty analysis, sensitivity analysis and V&V of models and simulations.
the following basic activities are to be performed for verification of models and simulations:
Document verification techniques and the conditions under which the verification was conducted.
Document any numerical error estimates for the results of the computational model.
Document the verification status.
Per section 4.4 of NASA-STD-7009,
the following basic activities are to be performed for validation of models and simulations:
Document techniques used to validate the models and simulations for their intended use.
Document the conditions under which the validation was conducted.
Document any validation metrics and any validation data sets used.
Document any studies conducted.
Document validation results.
To better understand the uncertainties affecting the results of the models and simulations, follow the required steps in section 4.4 of NASA-STD-7009 and the steps for assessing and reporting the credibility of model and simulation results found in sections 4.7 and 4.8 of NASA-STD-7009.
4. Small Projects
Small projects may choose to lighten their V&V (Verification and Validation) and accreditation requirements through the use of software models, simulations, and analysis tools verified, validated, and accredited by other NASA projects that used these tools in a similar manner and purpose as the small project. To determine the relevance and usefulness of this option, small projects need to be aware of differences between the projects and the prior project's V&V and accreditation activities as well as the versions of the models, simulations, and analysis tools on which the V&V and accreditation activities were performed.